How To Prevent the Ebola Virus?

Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is the human disease caused by the Ebola virus. Symptoms typically start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, throat and muscle pains, and headaches. There is then typically nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. At this point, some people begin to have problems with bleeding.

Ebola Virus Disease is believed to occur after an Ebola virus is transmitted to a human index case via contact with an infected animal's bodily fluids.

Human-to-human transmission occurs via direct contact with blood or bodily fluids from an infected person (including embalming of an infected dead person) or by contact with contaminated medical equipment, particularly needles and syringes. Medical workers who do not wear protective clothing, such as gloves and surgical masks, may also contract the disease.

In the past, explosive nosocomial transmission has occurred in under-equipped African hospitals due to the reuse of needles and lack of implementation of universal precautions.
Aerosol transmission has not been observed during natural EVD outbreaks.
The potential for widespread EVD epidemics is considered low due to the high case-fatality rate, the rapidity of demise of patients, and the often remote areas where infections occur.

Recently the virus has been shown to travel without contact from pigs to primates making pigs a new possible host for the virus. While the method of transmission is not determined it is believed to travel short distance through the air in large droplets that are absorbed through the airways effectively making it an airborne virus.