What is Short Bowel Syndrome?
Most of the complications are due to the inability of the person suffering with short bowel syndrome to absorb important vitamins and minerals. In particular, the inability to retain vitamins such as A, B12, D, E, and K are common. Among minerals, processing sufficient amounts of calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and folic acid is often impossible. These deficiencies in turn lead to diminished health, manifesting as muscle spasms, anemia, and moderate to severe pain in the bones. There is also the increased chance of bruising easily and lacking the ability to clot blood properly when injured.
Dealing with the effects of short bowel syndrome nutrition deficiencies normally involve both oral and intravenous vitamin and mineral supplements as a means of increasing the potential for maintaining proper nutrition each day. In addition to the supplements, prescription medications to address the discomfort of various pains and the lack of energy are likely to be prescribed by the attending physician.
While there is no cure for the condition, surgery is sometimes an option with short bowel syndrome. In situations where the problem is discovered at birth, it is possible to treat pediatric short bowel syndrome with procedures to section and lengthen the bowel may be an option. Bowel transplants have been attempted as a form of treatment for short bowel syndrome but currently are one of the less successful ways of dealing with the problem. At present, the most effective short bowel syndrome treatment is finding ways to provide an adequate amount of nutrition through supplements.