What is Atrophy of Muscle Tissue?
Thus, illness or injuries that cause paralysis or an extended period of immobility for the body or a part of it must be followed by a medically supervised program of physical therapy to rebuild the weakened muscles.
Some muscle atrophy occurs normally with aging. Other causes may include: Alcohol-associated myopathy
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease)
Dermatomyositis and polymyositis
Long-term corticosteroid therapy
Motor neuropathy (such as diabetic neuropathy)
Not moving (immobilization)
Spinal cord injury
An exercise program (under the direction of a therapist or doctor) is recommended to help treat muscle atrophy. This may include exercises in water to reduce the muscle workload, and other types of rehabilitation.
People who cannot actively move one or more joints can do exercises using braces or splints.